Mobile European citizens have been repeatedly alleged to represent a burden on national welfare systems. Nevertheless, this might not emerge to be the case when one considers real data. Leaving public misperceptions about migration aside, this article points out the pros and cons of EU free movement for national welfare budgets.
«The tightening of EMU economic governance squeezed the fiscal space available for welfare innovation, especially in those countries that were hardest hit by the recession. Ten years after the outbreak of the economic crisis, it is time to take stock of the developments of social investment in this turbulent decade.»