In place of a social contract between individuals, we believe that the EU is better conceived as a social contract between states and citizens. This social contract is referred to as a “demoicracy”. On this account, EU citizens should be entitled to the benefits of free movement and the legal protections of transnational citizenship. However, these benefits run up against a limit: they should be consistent with the normative basis of the national social contract.
«Economic solidarity among the member states still seems to be a rather established principle, while EU policy intervention is instead, on average, a relatively more contested solution»