In place of a social contract between individuals, we believe that the EU is better conceived as a social contract between states and citizens. This social contract is referred to as a “demoicracy”. On this account, EU citizens should be entitled to the benefits of free movement and the legal protections of transnational citizenship. However, these benefits run up against a limit: they should be consistent with the normative basis of the national social contract.
«A test of transnationalist theories on the Italian case confirms that a higher level of direct and indirect interactions with other Europeans as well as a greater awareness of the EU play a role in the definition of attitudes towards immigration and the EU»