We analyzed the electoral programs published by the European political groups at the time of the 2014 and 2019 European elections, to shed light on the future path of the social dimension of the European integration.
The REScEU Mass and Elite surveys do not only tap individuals' and MPs' general attitudes towards integration and solidarity, but also gauge mass and elites' preferences for specific policies aimed at fostering pan-European solidarity.
The survey was targeted on a sample of representatives in the national parliaments of seven European countries: France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Country samples were designed in order to be as most representatives as possible of the actual composition of the national parliaments in terms of partisan affiliation. The survey was conducted between March 2017 and May 2018 adopting the CAWI (Computer Assisted Web Interviews) method. The infographics show cross-country and cross-partisan distributions of frequencies of the political elites’ attitudes and make mass-elite comparisons that allow us to analyse similarities and differences between the opinions of the representatives and their electorate. It does so by comparing the results of this survey to those of a public opinion survey conducted by the REScEU project in the same seven countries in September-November 2016.
Photo credits: Flickr CC: Thomas Hawk