This policy dossier is part of a series of analyses on the financial instruments available to the European Social Union (ESU). The European Social Fund is one of the longest-standing instruments of supranational policy available to the EU. The dossier will deal with the ESF history, policy goals, budget and visibility.
For the MFF 2021–2027, Member States have decided not to increase the EU budget, despite the adverse consequences that the Great Recession had on many European territories. As a consequence, cohesion policy, in 2021–2027, will be too small a blanket to cater to the needs of the Eastern and Southern peripheries adequately.
By describing the EU as a composite polity, Fabbrini argues that it should strive to become a federal union. This path allows us to understand how one of the most fundamental elements is still severely lacking from the European construction: political equality.